Subcutaneous injection Education

Steps for An Injection

1. Wash your hands

  • Wash your hands with soap and warm water to prevent potential infection. Be sure to thoroughly scrub between fingers, on the backs of hands, and under fingernails.

2. Assemble the following supplies:

  • Needle and syringe with medication

  • Alcohol pads

  • Puncture-resistant container to discard the used needles and syringe

  • Bandages (if needed)

3. Locate the injection site

This must be an area that has a layer of fat between the skin and the muscle. This is called subcutaneous. The following parts of your body have subcutaneous layers:

  • Outter surface of the upper arm

  • Top of thighs

  • Buttocks

  • Abdomen, except navel or waistline

4. Clean injection site

  • Clean the site selected for injection with an alcohol swab and allow the skin to air dry.

5. Self-injection with a syringe

  • Pinch a 2-inch fold of chosen skin between your thumb and index finger.

  • Hold the syringe the way you would a pencil or dart. Insert the needle at a 45 to 90 degree angle to the pinched-up skin. The needle should be completely covered by skin. If you do this quickly, you will feel very little discomfort.

6. Inject the medication

  • Push the plunger slowly to inject the medication.

7. Remove the needle

  • Withdraw the needle quickly and discard it into a puncture-resistant sharps container. Don’t recap the needle.

*A sharps container is a red container that you can purchase at any pharmacy, or use a coffee can or leak-proof, closable milk jughard plastic continer to store the sharps saftley and dispose of them in the trash.

8. Apply pressure to the injection site

  • Use a piece of gauze to apply light pressure to the injection site. Do not rub the injection site. It’s normal to see slight bleeding. Use a bandage if necessary.

Tips for an easier injection

To minimize possible discomfort before your injection:

  • Apply ice or an over-the-counter topical numbing cream to the injection site before cleaning it with the alcohol pad.

  • Have someone you trust give you the injection. Some people find it difficult to inject themselves. 

*REMEMBER to rotate the injection sites. This means that you shouldn’t inject medicine into the same spot twice in a row. Using the same injection site over and over again can cause discomfort and even tissue damage.

What are the complications of injections?

It’s normal to experience some discomfort after an injection. But certain symptoms may be a sign of a more serious complication.

Call your doctor or healthcare provider right away if you experience:

  • Tingling or numbness, redness, swelling, or warmth at the injection site.

  • Prolonged bleeding, more than 5-8 minutes.

  • Signs of an allergic reaction, such as difficulty breathing or facial swelling.

It’s also normal to have some anxiety about performing or receiving an injection. Read through the steps several times until you feel comfortable with the procedure, and take your time.

Don’t hesitate to ask Aveo Staff about the procedure and these steps, they can be reviewed with you beforehand, in office, and again until you feel comfortable.

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